History of Cricket
Cricket is known as the game originated in England of the 13th century. In 1774, the rules of the game were established, and in 1787, the British Cricket Club (Marylebone Cricket Club) was founded. In 1719, when two British cricket teams played, a national cricket competition was created.
During the period of the British colonial business, cricket spread throughout the world. The largest of the international competitions is the Commonwealth international competitions in Britain, Scotland, Australia, India, New Zealand, Pakistan, and South Africa.
Professionals are called ‘players’ and are treated as individual units, and amateurs are called ‘gentlemen’. In big competitions, each team is predominantly professional, with 2-3 amateurs participating.
In the center of the stadium is a pitch area 20m long and 3m wide. At each end of the pitch area there is an incantation made of three vertical poles and two rails on it. If the pitcher throws the ball with the opposite spell and drops the rail, the batter is out. ( Website )
The batter must hit the ball thrown by the pitcher in order to keep his order. A point is scored if the batter hits the ball well and the batter and a fellow player on the opponent’s order run across the pitch area and switch positions. The batter can change positions up to number 6 and score up to 6 points. Each team has one chance of hitting and one round ends when all 10 batters except the captain are out.
Cricket is a game to compete the score by hitting the ball with the bat. It was first created in England, and it is still practiced a lot in England and Commonwealth countries.
It is a game in which two teams consisting of 11 members of one team take turns attacking and defending on a wide lawn and batting the ball to compete for points. It is similar to baseball, but the batting order is returned to all in each inning, and the attack and defense change only when all are out, and the game ends with two innings.
Two wickets (three wooden posts topped with a tree called a veil) are erected in the center of the stadium. The defending side puts the pitcher and catcher on the outside of the wicket, and the remaining nine are in suitable positions. On the offensive side, the first batter stands next to the catcher and waits for the ball, and the next batter stands near the opposite wicket.
When the pitcher throws the ball, he must throw it bound once to the ground, and when the ball drops the veil, the batter is out. The batter must hit the ball to prevent it from hitting the wicket. Before the hit ball falls to the ground, the beast receives and goes out. If the ball is not caught, the batters run toward the wickets opposite each other to score points. Before that, if the beast throws the ball into the wicket and the bale falls, the batter close to that wicket is out.
The pitching is knotted every 6 pitches, and the pitcher and the catcher alternate with each other. The batter seldom goes out, so it lasts a long time and sometimes takes 2-3 days.
Facilities, equipment, and clothes
The cricket field is an oval-shaped turf ground with a width of about 90 to 150m, and must be clearly distinguished by fences or ropes.
If it does not deviate from the ellipse shape too much, there are no restrictions on the size or shape, and it is called a field.
The cricket ball is similar to a baseball in size and stiffness, but the leather of a cricket ball is thicker. The circumference is 224 to 229 mm, and the weight is 156 to 163 g. Traditionally, the color is red and the seams are white, but in recent night games, white balls are sometimes used to make the ball more visible.
Cricket bats are made of willow with a flat on one side and a rounded shape to receive power on the other side, and have a cane-shaped handle, reminiscent of a large laundry bat.
How to Play
Two spells are placed in the middle of the stadium, each with one batter guarding the door. The pitcher attempts to hit the ball by throwing the ball or otherwise try to get the batter out. The throwing technique is to extend your arm straight up, raise it above your head, and throw the ball. If the batter does not get out and changes position with the batter of the same team on the opposite order, a goal is awarded. Two teams of 11 players will face off.
There are two wickets at intervals of 22 yards (approximately 20m) in the center of the field, and the attacking side has a bat in each wicket and one player is placed. One is the batter and the other is the runner. If one side of the pair goes out, he becomes the batter and hits the ball from the wicket on the other side.
The defensive pitcher (baller) throws the ball as if it would bounce right in front of the batter (Batman), but it is not thrown as if it were a throw, but as if pushing from the top with the arm fully extended.
When the batter hits the ball, the runner on the opposite side of the batter also starts to run at the same time, alternately in the middle, touch the bat on the opposite wicket to repeat, and repeat this several times before the ball returns to the wicket. (1 point upon arrival of the opposite wicket).
The match ends with 2 innings, but when the attacking side reaches out of 10, the airlift is changed. One player can score hundreds of points, and it is a long game that takes 5 days for big matches and a day for sm